Most classes, there will be one or two papers assigned as required reading (those sidelined in blue below). Ahead of time, each student will individually submit responses to the readings.
As a rough guideline, think about it as if you just saw the paper at a conference and were explaining it to someone in the field. What's the gist, what's the idea, how well did they demonstrate it, and what did you particularly enjoy/take issue with — these are all fine things to include.
For each required paper, submit a response: