Skip to main content

Carlea Holl-Jensen||


Norman, K., Schwartz, J. (1987)
Memory for hierarchical menus: effects of study mode
Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 25, 163-166.

Computer users need training on menu selection systems to remember how to access target functions. This experiment investigated the effects of studying documentation before searching for target words in a content-free menu. Subjects studied one of the following: sequences of choices to arrive at a desired target (command-sequence mode), individual display screens (menu-frame mode), a diagram of the menu tree (global-tree mode), or the menu system by actually selecting alternatives (trial-and-error mod e). Although the global-tree and command-sequence groups found the most target words during the test phase, the four groups did not differ significantly. On the other hand, differences in the ability to recall menu terms were significant, with the comma nd-sequence and menu-frame groups recalling the most terms. Results indicated that the type of training fundamentally affected the type of information used to find targets.

Graph Visualization Screenshot

Graph Visualization
More information

Tech Reports
Video Reports
Annual Symposium

Seminars + Events
HCIL Seminar Series
Annual Symposium
HCIL Service Grants
Events Archives
HCIL Conference Travel Award
Job Openings
For the Press
HCIL Overview
Become a Member
Collaborating Groups + People
Academic Visitors
Join our Mailing List
Contact Us
Visit Us
HCIL Store
Give the HCIL a Hand
HCIL T-shirts for Sale
Our Lighter Side
HCIL Memories Page
Faculty/ Staff
Ph.D. Alumni
Past Members
Research Areas
Design Process
Digital Libraries
Physical Devices
Public Access
Research Histories
Faculty Listed by Research
Project Highlights
Project Screenshots
Publications and TRs
Studying HCI
Masters in HCI
PhD in HCI
Visiting Scholars
Class Websites
Sponsor our Research
Sponsor our Annual Symposium
Active Sponsorship
Industrial Visitors

Web Accessibility