Skip to main content


Plaisant, C., Wallace, D. (Nov. 1990)
Touchscreen toggle switches: push or slide? Design issues and usability study
HCIL-90-08, CS-TR-2557, CAR-TR-521

This article describes six different touchscreen based toggle switches allowing the control of two state (ON/OFF) devices. The user interfaces, ranging from button type toggles to sliding toggles are described and compared. A usability test with 15 subjects was conducted. Error rates, user preferences and subjective satisfaction ratings were collected. Results indicate that all the toggles described here can be used with low error rates. The sliding toggles were rated harder to use and were least preferred. Individual differences in personal preference were shown to be very large. It was also observed that users spontaneously or after one trial use a sliding motion to activate a control showing a sliding affordance.


Inclusive Design Lab
More information

Tech Reports
Video Reports
Annual Symposium

Seminars + Events
HCIL Seminar Series
Annual Symposium
HCIL Service Grants
Events Archives
HCIL Conference Travel Award
Job Openings
For the Press
HCIL Overview
Become a Member
Collaborating Groups + People
Academic Visitors
Join our Mailing List
Contact Us
Visit Us
HCIL Store
Give the HCIL a Hand
HCIL T-shirts for Sale
Our Lighter Side
HCIL Memories Page
Faculty/ Staff
Ph.D. Alumni
Past Members
Research Areas
Design Process
Digital Libraries
Physical Devices
Public Access
Research Histories
Faculty Listed by Research
Project Highlights
Project Screenshots
Publications and TRs
Studying HCI
Masters in HCI
PhD in HCI
Visiting Scholars
Class Websites
Sponsor our Research
Sponsor our Annual Symposium
Active Sponsorship
Industrial Visitors