Enhanced with SHOE


Document Ontology (draft)

Id:document-ont
Version:1.0
Description: This ontology models documents of all kinds, but focuses on publications. Many of the document types were borrowed from the Structuralist Dublin Core Resource Types proposal. Others were borrowed from the PubMed document classifications. Please send any comments or suggestions to the contact listed below. This is a draft ontology and may change at any time.
Contact:Jeff Heflin (heflin@cs.umd.edu)
Revision Date:03 Apr 2000

Organization of this Document

This ontology is declared in this document both in human-readable form (what you see in front of you now) and machine-readable SHOE form (which you can see from viewing the html source of this document). The rest of this document is divided into the following sections:


Extended Ontologies

The following ontologies are extended by the current ontology:


Renames

An ontology may rename elements from another ontology in order to provide a shortcut for referencing that element or to provide an alternate term for it.

No elements are renamed by this ontology.


Categories

The following taxonomy is the collection of categories declared in this ontology. The hierarchical form is intended to show the ISA chain. Categories in [Brackets] are not defined here but are defined in an ontology extended by this one. Elements in {Braces} are additional supercategories of the category immediately before them (signifying multiple inheritance). Categories followed by an asterisk are defined in another ontology but are provided with a local alias.

[gen.Event]
   Communication
      Document
         Abstract
	 Comment
         Correspondence
            Discussion
            Email
            Letter
            Postcard
	 Form
	 Guideline
	 Homepage
	    OrganizationHomepage
            PersonalHomepage
	 Index
	 Lecture
	 Manuscript
	 Minutes
	 Preprint
	 Promotion
      	 Publication
            Advertisement
            Article
	       BookArticle
               ConferencePaper
               JournalArticle
	       WorkshopPaper
            Book
            Dictionary
	    Editorial
            Manual
	    Periodical
	       Journal
	       Magazine
	       Newsletter
	       Newspaper
	    Proceedings
	    Regulation
            Specification
	    TechnicalReport
	    Thesis
	       DoctoralThesis
	       MastersThesis
	 Review
      PhoneCall
      Software
      Speech
[gen.Artifact]
   DocumentRepresentation
      PaperDocument
      ElectronicDocument

Relationships

Relationships are declared between one or more arguments, where each argument is either a type or a category. If the argument is a category, any subcategory of that category is valid as well. Relationships which have a local alias but are defined in another ontology are followed by an asterisk.

   author(Document, Person)
   authorOrg(Document, Organization)
   communicator(Communication, Agent)
   containedIn(Document, Document)
   publishDate(Document, .DATE)
   publisher(Document, Organization)
   recipient(Communication, Agent)
   softwareDocumentation(Software, Publication)
   softwareVersion(Software, .STRING)
   subject(Document, .SHOEEntity)
   title(Document, .STRING)
   volume(Periodical, .NUMBER)

Constants

Constants are used to identify instances that may be commonly used with an ontology. In this section, each constant is grouped under its category.

No constants are defined.


Inferences

Inference rules are used to determine what additional facts can be implied if other facts are known. They take the form of if/then rules.

No inference rules are defined.


Definitions

Abstract
A summarization of another document.
Advertisement
For example, a job posting.
Article
Objects where the contents are of such length and/or self-contained in subject matter that the author would consider this as an article. The purpose of the contents is to fully realize a particular objective in a relatively concise form. This class includes essays, stories, preprints, and other short written forms.
Communication
Something that is communicated between people or groups. Communications generaly have a language, a communicator and one or more recipients. A program is a communication between a person and a computer, in particular it is a set of commands.
Dictionary
An organized list of terms and their definitions.
Document
A representation of someone's thinking. There are three ways of looking at a document: the physical object that one reads, the set of ideas contained within that object or as the event of communicating the ideas. The later is a little more iffy when we try to pin down the location and date of the event that is a Book. We must be able to handle all sorts of documents, including driver's licenses, grocery lists, the Constitution, etc.
Form
A structured solicitation of input from a user (for example: comments, a survey, or an order)
Index
A summary list of other items.
Manual
A reference book for giving instructions.
Manuscript
For unpublished texts not described elsewhere.
Minutes
A summary of a meeting.
Publication
A printed work offered for distribution.
author
A person that creates a document.
authorOrg
An organization that creates a document.
communicator
An agent that suplies a communication.
containedIn
A document in which another document is included.
publisher
An organization that distributes a document.
publishDate
The date that a document was first offered for distribution.
recipient
An agent that recieves a communication.
subject
A topic covered by or described in the document.
title
The name of a document.
volume

Notes:


Change History:


Enhanced with SHOE