Safe and Flexible Memory Management in Cyclone. Michael Hicks, Greg Morrisett, Dan Grossman, and Trevor Jim. Technical Report CS-TR-4514, University of Maryland Department of Computer Science, July 2003.

Cyclone is a type-safe programming language intended for applications requiring control over memory management. Our previous work on Cyclone included support for stack allocation, lexical region allocation, and a garbage-collected heap. We achieved safety (i.e., prevented dangling pointers) through a region-based type-and-effects system. This paper describes some new memory-management mechanisms that we have integrated into Cyclone: dynamic regions, unique pointers, and reference-counted objects. Our experience shows that these new mechanisms are well suited for the timely recovery of objects in situations where it is awkward to use lexical regions. Crucially, programmers can write reusable functions without unnecessarily restricting callers' choices among the variety of memory-management options. To achieve this goal, Cyclone employs a combination of polymorphism and scoped constructs that temporarily let us treat objects as if they were allocated in a lexical region. In our experience, our new constructs can significantly improve application performance, while adding a modest programming overhead.

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@TECHREPORT{hicks03safe,
  AUTHOR = {Michael Hicks and Greg Morrisett and Dan Grossman and Trevor Jim},
  TITLE = {Safe and Flexible Memory Management in {Cyclone}},
  NUMBER = {CS-TR-4514},
  INSTITUTION = {University of Maryland Department of Computer Science},
  MONTH = {July},
  YEAR = {2003},
  HTTP = {http://cyclone.thelanguage.org}
}

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