JavaMemoryModel: Definitive citation for double-check idiom

From: Bill Pugh (
Date: Sun Jan 23 2000 - 15:29:06 EST

Is this the definitive/source citation for the double-check
idiom? Did things flow from this, or is the double-check idiom
just one of those things that everyone re-invents on their own?

Douglas Schmidt and Tim Harrison. ''Double-Checked Locking:
An Optimization Pattern for Efficiently Initializing and Accessing
Thread-safe Objects,'' Pattern Languages of Program Design 3,
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