> -----Original Message-----
> From: TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com [mailto:TEREKHOV@de.ibm.com]
> > Does that really buy you performance at user level? Unlike thread
> > the semantics of "CPULocals" seem nontrivial, since you can
> ge preempted
> > halfway through an update ...
> that should not be a problem for atomic writes to
> pre-allocated storage.
Yes, but it seems to add lots of additional corner cases that would need to
be defined. And CPU locals don't seem to be very intuitive for the
> and i also think that there should not be any problem to add
> full mutex
> based synchronization (still atomic writes but to dynamically
> storage using internal DCL w/o memory barriers) so that
> get/lookup calls
> would still _not_ need any synchronization / memory barriers - that is
> what really buys performance. however, it is really important
> that set()
> after get() should not assume that it updates the same
> CPULocal variable
> which was checked via get() - CPU may change - a thread could
> be running
> on a different CPU after get() (fortunately that will make _no_
> difference with respect to memory visibility).
I guess I'm still confused as to what we're trying to accomplish. Why are
CPU locals better than thread locals?
Thread locals seem to be implementable with moderate overhead, though I
would clearly like to see faster implementations. But I'm having trouble
coming up with an implementation of user-level CPU locals that's much
faster. My understanding is that there are substantial costs associated
with having either per-thread or per-cpu address mappings. Thus in either
case, you would have to look up a (thread, CPU) id, and then use that to
either get to a local storage pointer in the (thread, CPU) descriptor, or
use that as an index into a multiple-concurrent-reader hash table of some
sort. In the per-CPU case, you may get switched between the CPU id lookup
and the actual read, so unless you somehow inhibit preemption, you may still
get the wrong one.
JavaMemoryModel mailing list - http://www.cs.umd.edu/~pugh/java/memoryModel
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