PhD Proposal: Reliable deep learning: a robustness perspective

Sahil Singla
11.22.2021 13:00 to 15:00

IRB 4105

Deep learning models achieve impressive accuracy on many benchmark tasks sometimes surpassing human-level performance. But it remains unclear whether the visual attributes used by these models for predictions are relevant to the desired object of interest or merely spurious artifacts that happen to co-occur with the object. A related limitation of these models is their vulnerability to adversarial perturbations: input perturbations imperceptible to a human that can arbitrarily change the prediction of the model. In this talk, I will present several algorithms for addressing these challenges.First, to make the models provably robust against adversarial perturbations, we introduce computationally efficient methods for both the robustness certification and adversarial attack problems using the second order i.e. hessian information that provide state-of-the-art provable robustness guarantees. We provide verifiable conditions under which our method is able to compute points on the decision boundary that are provably closest to the input.Second, we introduce a convolution layer with an orthogonal jacobian matrix called Skew Orthogonal Convolution that achieves state of the art standard and provably robust accuracy for deep convolutional neural networks on both the CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100 datasets. We also derive provable guarantees on the approximation error to an orthogonal Jacobian.Third, we introduce a scalable framework to discover the spurious visual attributes used in the inferences of a general model and localize them on a large number of images with minimal human supervision. Using this methodology, we introduce the Salient Imagenet dataset containing core and spurious masks for a large set of samples from Imagenet. We assess the performance of several popular Imagenet models and show that they rely heavily on various spurious features in their predictions.Examining Committee:

Chair:Department Representative:Members:

Dr. Soheil Feizi Dr. David JacobsDr. Tom Goldstein