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SIGMETRICS 2001 / Performance 2001

Understanding TCP Vegas: A Duality Model

Steven H. Low <>
Departments of CS and EE, California Institute of Technology

Larry Peterson <>
Department of CS, Princeton University

Limin Wang <>
Department of CS, Princeton University

This paper presents a model of the TCP Vegas congestion control mechanism as a distributed optimization algorithm. Doing so has three important benefits. First, it helps us gain a fundamental understanding of why TCP Vegas works, and an appreciation of its limitations. Second, it allows us to prove that Vegas stabilizes at a weighted proportionally fair allocation of network capacity when there is sufficient buffering in the network. Third, it suggests how we might use explicit feedback to allow each Vegas source to determine the optimal sending rate when there is insufficient buffering in the network. We present simulation results that validate our conclusions.

[Last updated Fri Mar 23 2001]

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