Wys*: A DSL for Verified Secure Multi-party Computations. Aseem Rastogi, Nikhil Swamy, and Michael Hicks, November 2019.

Secure multi-party computation (MPC) enables a set of mutually distrusting parties to cooperatively compute, using a cryptographic protocol, a function over their private data. This paper presents Wys*, a new domain-specific language (DSL) for writing MPCs. Wys* is an embedded DSL hosted in F*, a verification-oriented, effectful programming language. Wys* source programs are essentially F* programs written in a custom MPC effect, meaning that the programmers can use F*'s logic to verify the correctness and security properties of their programs. To reason about the distributed runtime semantics of these programs, we formalize a deep embedding of Wys*, also in F*. We mechanize the necessary metatheory to prove that the properties verified for the Wys* source programs carry over to the distributed, multi-party semantics. Finally, we use F*'s extraction mechanism to extract an interpreter that we have proved matches this semantics, yielding a verified implementation. Wys* is the first DSL to enable formal verification of source MPC programs, and also the first MPC DSL to provide a verified implementation. With Wys* we have implemented several MPC protocols, including private set intersection, joint median, and an MPC-based card dealing application, and have verified their security and correctness.

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@MISC{wysstar18wysstar,
  AUTHOR = {Aseem Rastogi and Nikhil Swamy and Michael Hicks},
  TITLE = {Wys$^*$: A DSL for Verified Secure Multi-party Computations},
  MONTH = NOV,
  YEAR = 2019,
  SUBMITTED = {yes}
}

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