Featured Research Projects

Active Logic

Through employing metareasoning, Active Logic is a flexible alternative to more traditional Artificial Intelligence systems. Because Active Logic is an application that tracks its reasoning, it is able to reason about its own inferences, and thereby recognize and recover from errors.

http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/active/

Baxter Robots are Learning to Think, See, and Cook

Baxters are low cost humanoid robots meant for adaptable manufacturing purposes by using long nimble arms and a suite of visual and tactile sen- sors. At the University of Maryland, re- searchers are exploring computer vision, machine learning, and artificial intelligence by training the Baxters to pour water into a moving jar, learn to cook by watching YouTube, and work with other robots.

CommentIQ: Would Your Comment Make The New York Times?

On the corner of 41st St. and 8th Ave. in The New York Times (NYT) Building in Manhattan, a team composed of 13 moderators scour an endless stream of NYT user comments. Led by Bassey Etim, The Times community manager, the team searches for both inflammatory comments to remove as well as intriguing comments to feature, referred to as NYT Picks.

DSU: Dynamic Software Updating

Dynamic Software Updating (DSU) acknowledges that software systems are imperfect and works to correct this inconvenience by permitting programs to be updated while they run. Requiring no redundant hardware, this software has been tested through theoretical programming language development and practical implementation.

http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/PL/dsu/

EbN: Encounter-based Networking

Mobile social applications provide new information sharing and networking opportunities based on a user’s location, activity, and set of nearby users. The underlying communication protocols for these applications must be carefully designed to not leak sensitive information —identity, movement patterns, etc.— to strangers without prior consent. EbN is a communication system which meets the needs of a wide range of mobile social apps while providing strong security guarantees.

http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/ebn/

Gas Station Project

The Gas Station Project is an approximation algorithm that can assess routing problems and generalize the shortest distances to reach a destination. Along with "The Traveling Salesman Problem", this research is based off of a new cost model dependent on gas prices rather than distance traveled.

http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/gas/

Genetic study of children from low-income countries may reveal reasons for deadly cases of diarrhea

Moderate to severe diarrhea continues to be a deadly disease, especially for children in low-income countries. Meanwhile, the pathogens causing the condition are still not entirely known. Teams of researchers are using new biological and analytical techniques to look for previously unknown sources of the illness.

Guiding Hidden Layer Representations for Improved Rule Extraction from Neural Networks

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are flexible learning algorithms that are used to solve problems from speech synthesis to handwriting recognition or even self-driving cars. But how ANNs generate outputs can appear to be like a black box, which limits some areas of use of ANNs. Former PhD student Thuan Huynh and his mentor Jim Reggia have developed an approach to allow us to peer inside the black box, leading to more impactful applications of ANNs.

LCCD: Laboratory for Computational Cultural Dynamics

The Laboratory for Computational Cultural Dynamics (LCCD) is a multidisciplinary research laboratory partnered with the UM Institute for Advanced Computer Studies (UMIACS). The lab focuses on the development of algorithms to automatically track open source information related to terror groups, tribes, and socio-cultural-political entities, as well as conduct behavioral analytics (including forecasting, what-if reasoning and policy formulation).

http://www.umiacs.umd.edu/research/LCCD/

NewsStand: An Interactive News Organizer

Nowadays, there is a great amount of information available and generally it is difficult to locate a website that contains local news from a city, or even a small village that you are interested in. As an example, suppose that someone is going to move to a new area and he is interested in reading the local news to find out if it is a good neighborhood. An effective way is to search for news websites that are localized for the city of interest and look for articles that are focused on the city.

Persona

Persona is an improvement to online social networks (OSNs) that hides user data with attribute-based encryption (ABE). This feature gives users, rather than the OSN itself, the ability to define policy over who has access to their private data.

http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/persona/

Saliency-Assisted Navigation of Very Large Landscape Images

Imagine a group of hikers lost in a park with no means of communication or signaling. Traditional search and rescue techniques require many man-hours and often turn up nothing. So the ability to detect the presence of interesting objects within a current highresolution image of the park would be highly desirable in such a scenario.

Scaling Computation of Graph Structured Data with NScale

In this day and age, the already vast amounts of data being generated that we have to deal with are still increasing in size by the second. The ”Big Data” buzzword keeps becoming more relevant not only in computer science but in nearly all sciences, and with good reason. The more data in a specific domain increases in size the more valuable it is considered. There may exist incredibly useful insight in the data that remains untapped until analyzed. Researchers in the field of Database Systems have been on the hunt for a fast, efficient, and scalable way we can analyze very large volumes of data.

Social Street View: Blending Immersive Street Views with Geo-tagged Social Media

This project presents an immersive geo-spatial social media system for virtual and augmented reality environments. With the rapid growth of photo-sharing social media sites such as Flickr, Pinterest, and Instagram, geo-tagged photographs are now ubiquitous. However, the current systems for their navigation are unsatisfyingly one- or two-dimensional. In this paper, we present our prototype system, Social Street View, which renders the geo-tagged social media in its natural geo-spatial context provided by immersive maps, such as Google Street View.

http://socialstreetview.com/

State-of-the-Art in Automated Graphical User Interface Testing

People rely on and use software for many tasks, ranging from launching spacecraft, writing reports, and communicating with other people. But, because of bugs, people are not always happy with software. Sometimes, software does not do what it should and this can make users unhappy or sometimes have very serious effects on the world. Software should be a tool that people can rely on, but often it is not. The (in)famous blue screen of death came to symbolize software errors.

tssnet: lightweight network simulation

Timestep stochastic simulation can evaluate the performance of computer networks at a cost several orders less than packet-level simulation (the current de facto method).  Unlike packet-level simulation, the network state is updated probabilistically at steps of time. This results in fast lightweight simulators, especially for high-speed networks.

https://www.cs.umd.edu/users/shankar/tssnet/tssnet.html

What If Our Clothes Could Show How Fast We Run?

We live in a connected world. As of 2014, 72% of American adults have a profile on at least one social networking site. Performance feedback devices, including the Garmin GPS watch, fitbit, and Nike+, coupled with exercise based social networks, such as MapMyRun and Strava, have created a growing online social community for runners and cyclists; however, the exercise itself is still performed individually. When compared to individual exercise, exercising as a group has been shown to provide a number of benefits including increased enjoyment and intensity.