Bahar Asgari

Office: Iribe 5148

Email: bahar at umd dot edu

Research Group: CASL

I am an assistant professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Maryland, Collage Park, with a joint appointment in UMIACS. Before this, I spent a year at Google's Systems and Services Infrastructure team. I received my Ph.D. in electrical and computer engineering from Georgia Tech in 2021. My research revolves around accelerating sparse problems, near memory processing, and using machine learning to design efficient reconfigurable domain-specific architecture. Learn more about my research and the courses I teach under My Work tab.

    • 2023

    • Memory-based computing for energy-efficient AI: Grand challenges.

      Foroozan Karimzadeh, Mohsen Imani, Bahar Asgari, Ningyuan Cao, Yingyen Lin, and Yan Fang.
      VLSI-SoC, Dubai, UAE (2023)
    • LCP: A Low-Communication Parallelization Method for Fast Neural Network Inference in Image Recognition.

      Ramyad Hadidi, Bahar Asgari, Jiashen Cao, Younmin Bae, Da Eun Shim, Hyojong Kim, Sung-Kyu Lim, Michael S. Ryoo, Hyesoon Kim.
      CSCE, Las Vegas, NV (2023)
    • Spica: Exploring FPGA Optimizations to Enable an Efficient SpMV Implementation for Computations at Edge

      Dheeraj Ramchandani, Bahar Asgari, and Hyesoon Kim
      IEEE EDGE, Chicago, IL (2023)
      Spica is the brightest star in the zodiacal constellation of Virgo.
    • Creating Robust Deep Neural Networks With Coded Distributed Computing for IoT

      Ramyad Hadidi, Jiashen Cao, Bahar Asgari, and Hyesoon Kim
      IEEE EDGE, Chicago, IL (2023)
    • Context-Aware Task Handling in Resource-Constrained Robots with Virtualization

      Ramyad Hadidi, Nima Shoghi, Bahar Asgari, and Hyesoon Kim
      IEEE EDGE, Chicago, IL (2023)
    • 2022

    • MAIA: Matrix Inversion Acceleration Near Memory [paper]

      Bahar Asgari, Dheeraj Ramchandani, Amaan Marfatia, and Hyesoon Kim
      FPL, Belfast, United Kingdom (2022)
      Maia is a star in the constellation of Taurus.
    • 2021

    • COPERNICUS: Characterizing the Performance Implications of Compression Formats Used in Sparse Workloads

      Best Paper Nominee!
      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Joshua Dierberger, Charlotte Steinichen, Amaan Marfatia, Hyesoon Kim
      IISWC 2021
      Copernicus (/koʊˈpɜːrnɪkəs/) is a binary star system including five planets.
    • FAFNIR: Accelerating Sparse Gathering by Using Efficient Near-Memory Intelligent Reduction [paper][slides][short video][long video]

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Jiashen Cao, Da Eun Shim, Sung-Kyu Lim, Hyesoon Kim
      HPCA 2021
      Fafnir (/faːvnər/) is a star in the constellation of Draco.
    • Quantifying the Design-Space Tradeoffs in Autonomous Drones

      Ramyad Hadidi, Bahar Asgari, Sam Jijina, Adriana Amyette, Nima Shoghi, Hyesoon Kim [paper]
      ASPLOS 2021
    • Context-Aware Task Handling in Resource-Constrained Robots with Virtualized Execution

      Ramyad Hadidi, Bahar Asgari, Nima Shoghi, Hyesoon Kim
      DAC 2021
    • 2020

    • ALRESCHA: A Light-Weight Reconfigurable Sparse-Computation Accelerator [paper] [slides]

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Tushar Krishna, Hyesoon Kim, Sudhakar Yalamanchili
      HPCA, San Diego, CA (2020)
      Alrescha (/ælˈriːʃə/) is a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Pisces.
    • PISCES: Power-Aware Implementation of SLAM by Customizing Efficient Sparse Algebra [paper][slides][video]

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Nima Shoghi, Hyesoon Kim
      DAC, San Francisco, California (2020)
      Pisces (/ˈpaɪsiːz/) is a constellation including eighteen main stars.
    • MEISSA: Multiplying Matrices Efficiently in a Scalable Systolic Architecture [paper][video]

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Hyesoon Kim
      ICCD, Hartford, Massachusetts (2020)
      Meissa (/ˈmaɪsə/) is a multiple star in the constellation of Orion.
    • ASCELLA: Accelerating Sparse Problems by Enabling Stream Accesses to Memory [paper] [slides][video]

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Hyesoon Kim
      DATE, Grenoble, France (2020)
      Ascella (/əˈsɛlə/) is a triple star system and the third-brightest star in the constellation of Sagittarius
    • MAHASIM: Machine-Learning Hardware Acceleration Using a Software-Defined Intelligent Memory System

      Bahar Asgari, Saibal Mukhopadhyay, and Sudhakar Yalamanchili
      Springer Journal of Signal Processing Systems, Special Issue on Embedded Machine Learning (2020)
      Mahasim is a binary star in the constellation of Auriga
    • Proposing a Fast and Scalable Systolic Array for Matrix Multiplication [slides][video]

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Hyesoon Kim
      FCCM, Fayetteville, Arkansas (2020)
    • 2019

    • Characterizing the Deployment of Deep Neural Networks on Commercial Edge Devices [paper]

      Best Paper Nominee!
      Ramyad Hadidi, Jiashen Cao, Yilun Xie, Bahar Asgari, Tushar Krishna, Hyesoon Kim
      IISWC, Orlando, Florida (2019)
    • ERIDANUS: Efficiently Running Inference of DNNs Using Systolic Arrays [paper]

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Hyesoon Kim, Sudhakar Yalamanchili
      IEEE Micro, Special Issue on Machine Learning Acceleration (2019)
      Eridanus (/ɪˈrɪdənəs/) is a constellation in the southern hemisphere
    • LODESTAR: Creating Locally-Dense CNNs for Efficient Inference on Systolic Arrays

      Bahar Asgari, Ramyad Hadidi, Hyesoon Kim, Sudhakar Yalamanchili
      DAC, Las Vegas, Nevada (2019)
      Lodestar (/ˈlōdˌstär/> is the brightest star in the constellation of Ursa Minor
    • SuDoku: Tolerating High-Rate of Transient Failures for Enabling Scalable STTRAM [paper]

      Prashant Nair, Bahar Asgari, Moinuddin Qureshi
      DSN, Portland, Oregon (2019)
    • Vortex RISC-V GPGPU system: Extending the ISA, Synthesizing the Microarchitecture, and Modeling the Software Stack [paper]

      Fares Elsabbagh, Bahar Asgari, Hyesoon Kim and Sudhakar Yalamanchili
      CARRV, Phoenix, AZ (2019)
    • CAPELLA: Customizing Perception for Edge Devices by Efficiently Allocating FPGAs to DNNs [paper]

      Younmin Bae, Ramyad Hadidi, Bahar Asgari, Jiashen Cao, Hyesoon Kim
      FPL, Barcelona, Spain (2019)
      Capella (/kəˈpɛlə/) is the brightest star in the constellation of Auriga
    • 2018

    • Performance Implications of NoCs on 3D-Stacked Memories: Insights from the Hybrid Memory Cube [paper]

      Ramyad Hadidi, Bahar Asgari, Jeffrey Young, Burhan Ahmad Mudassar, Kartikay Garg, Tushar Krishna, Hyesoon Kim
      ISPASS, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom (2018)
    • 2017

    • Demystifying the Characteristics of 3D-Stacked Memories: A Case Study for Hybrid Memory Cube [paper]

      Ramyad Hadidi, Bahar Asgari, Burhan Ahmad Mudassar, Saibal Mukhopadhyay, Sudhakar Yalamanchili, and Hyesoon Kim
      IISWC, Seattle, Washington (2017)
    • 2016

    • A Micro-Architectural Approach to Efficient Employment of STTRAM Cells in Microprocessors Register File

      Bahar Asgari, Mahdi Fazeli, Ahmad Patooghy, and Seyed Vahid Azhari
      IET Computers and Digital Techniques (2016)
    • Single Event Multiple Upset-Tolerant SRAM Cell Designs for Nano-scale CMOS Technology

      Ramin Rajaei, Bahar Asgari, Mahmoud Tabandeh, Mahdi Fazeli
      Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences (2016)
    • 2015

    • Design of Robust SRAM Cells Against Single-Event Multiple Effects for Nanometer Technologies 

      Ramin Rajaei, Bahar Asgari, Mahmoud Tabandeh, and Mahdi Fazeli
      IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability (2015)

    Besides doing research in the field of computer architecture, I do drawing and painting. Mainly, I am interested in abstract painting. I integrate geometrical shapes with both sharp and soft edges, to create objects, which are distinguishable by their borders.

    Some of my Abstract Paintings

    • Together We Are Visible

      Size: 36x36”

      Material: Oil on canvas. 

      The Together We Are Visible shows four women and men dancing together in a field of sweet irises. The dancers reflect each other and share their positive feelings to get stronger and visible..


      Size: 36x36”

      Material: Oil on canvas. 

      Union Harmony

      Size: 36x36”

      Material: Oil on canvas. 

      The Union Harmony shows the beauty of world, made up of elements such as a goldfish, a symbol of life, eyes, the gateways into the soul, lotus, the symbol of purity of the body and mind. All of them are connected through music, a shared language of human regardless their races.


      Size: 24x36”

      Material: Acrylic on canvas. 

      This painting is another view of the “Naples” drawing.

      Time Vertigo

      Size: 16x20”

      Material: Acrylic on gesso board. 

      Time Vertigo visualizes space-time simultaneously by mixing colors and geometric shapes. This painting is a deep envision of the “Gravity” drawing. Simplifying the minor details of a scene, happing in a known time and location (i.e., Paris), and bringing the other scenes happing simultaneously to the same location is the key insight of the painting. The six characters in the painting are basically representative of the two main dancers, in three captures of time, past, present, and future, but all happening concurrently.

      Some of my Mixed Media Works

      The Third Eye

      Size: 8x10”

      Material: Pine cone. 


      Frame Size: 18x24”

      Opening Size: 12x18”

      Material: Mix. 


      Frame Size: 19x19”

      Opening Size: 11x11”

      Material: 140lb paper. 


      The art exhibitions at Kai Lin galley, Atlanta, GA, Dec. 11, 2018:

      Read more about this exhibition in "Like Picasso and Einstein: Lines, Forms and Dimensions" book, by Francesco Fedele and Emily Vickers:


  • My Research Group at UMD

    - Computer Architecture and Systems Lab (CASL)

    Overview of My Research

    Accelerating Sparse Problems

    My research interests have revolved around efficiently accelerating the execution of sparse problems – computer programs in which data lacks spatial locality in memory. Sparse problems are the main component in several crucial domains such as robotics, recommendation systems, machine learning and computer vision, graph analytics, and scientific computing that remarkably impact human life. For instance, modeling/simulating a vaccine or predicting an earthquake are examples of sparse scientific computing that can save lives if done accurately and in a timely manner. Several supercomputers from Google Could, Amazon Web Service, Microsoft Azure, and IBM that are now running on over 136 thousand nodes containing five million processor cores and more than 50 thousand GPUs [1] for vaccine development is compelling evidence of the importance of sparse scientific computations. However, modern high-performance computers equipped with CPUs and/or GPUs are poorly suited to these sparse problems, utilizing a tiny fraction of their peak performance (e.g., 0.5% - 3% [2]). Such conventional architectures are mainly optimized to handle complex computation rather than the complex memory accesses that are essential for sparse problems. The contradiction between the abilities of the hardware and the nature of the problem causes sparse problems to waste extra hardware budget (high power and dollar cost) for higher performance. The goal of our research is to propose effective solutions that utilize the maximum potential of a given hardware budget to accelerate sparse problems. To be impactful in achieving the goal, our research suggests that software and hardware must be co-optimized. To date, several software- and hardware-level optimizations have been proposed to accelerate sparse problems; however, since they optimize either the software or the hardware in isolation, they have not fully resolved the challenges of sparse problems. Table above summarizes the common challenges of sparse problems, examples of sparse applications that suffer from these challenges, as well as my contributions and publications to resolve these challenges along with the broader impact that my research would have.

    Intelligent Dynamically Reconfigurable Computing

    My research also focuses on developing a novel dynamically reconfigurable computation platform that provides maximum performance for distinct applications with diverse requirements. For several years, general-purpose processors were optimized for the common case and were still able to provide reasonable performance for a wide range of applications. Today, diverse applications with distinct requirements are quickly being developed that cannot reach their maximum performance on a single hardware platform. Therefore, today, we see huge efforts to produce specialized hardware such as those I proposed for sparse problems (see the table above). As applications become more diverse and evolve quickly, designing specialized hardware will no longer be a practical solution for two reasons: (i) The process for such designs is costly, requires expertise across several domains, and is slow and therefore cannot keep up with the fast pace of algorithm development; and (ii) A system of several fixed specialized hardware platforms is not a scalable solution. CASL, my research group at UMD introduces and develops a novel approach for dynamically reconfigurable computation to be substituted with the current general-purpose processors and specialized hardware. Our new computation approach envisions a key characteristic: Hardware and software are treated as a single unified component. To simultaneously execute distinct programs, the hardware is reconfigured. Thus, each program reaches its optimized performance without sacrificing its performance for the common case.


  • Program Committee

    High-Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA-2024)
    International Conference on Computer Design (ICCD-2023)
    International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA-2023)
    High-Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA-2023)
    International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA-2022)
    IEEE International Symposium on Workload Characterization (IISWC-2021)
  • Organizing Committee

    Architecture and System Support for Transformer Models Workshop co-located with ISCA (ASSYST-2023)
  • External Review Committee

    Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems (ASPLOS-2021)
  • Submission co-chair

    51th International Symposium on Microarchitecture (MICRO-2018)
  • Reviewer

    IEEE Computer Architecture Letters (CAL)
    ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization (TACO)
    IEEE Transactions on Reliability
    IET Electronics Letters
    IET Computers and Digital Techniques
    Springer Journal of Signal Processing Systems
  • Judge

    President’s Undergraduate Research Awards (PURA)
    Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP)
    Honeywell STEM challenge
  • Discussion chair

    PeRSonAl tutorial at ISCA 2020